Conventional Activated Sludge (CAS) – In CAS, oxygen is continuously introduced in the aeration tank. This enables the bacteria to feed on the organic substances and reproduce, thereby removing pollutants. The two basic components in this process are the aeration and clarification tank.

Sequencing Batch Reactor (SBR) – The SBR is a fill-and-draw-activated sludge process. In this system, wastewater is added to a single ‘batch’ reactor, treated to remove undesirable components, and discharged. Aeration and clarification are combined in a single tank.

Seawater Reverse Osmosis (SWROs) – Desalination using reverse osmosis is a technology that involves passing clean salt water at high pressure through special membranes. This technology separates the less saline water as a product and discharges the concentrate as waste.

Water Treatment Plant (WTP) – facilities designed to purify and treat water from various sources, making it safe for consumption, industrial use, and other purposes.

Moving Bed BioReactor (MBBR) – The MBBR employs thousands of biofilm carriers operating in mixed motion within an aerated wastewater treatment basin. Its high-density population of bacteria achieves a high-rate biodegradation within the system.

SeptageTreatment Plant (SpTP) SpTPs are used to treat septage collected from septic tanks to acceptable levels of water classification, particularly for reuse or before release to bodies of water such as rivers and streams. The process involves separating the liquid fraction from the solids.